Mandalay’s historical highlights
The mere mention of “Mandalay” conjures up notions of old world charm and historical intrigue. The association is a logical one: it was Myanmar’s last royal city and Rudyard Kipling penned “Road to Mandalay” (despite the fact that he never actually visited it). Yet few first time visitors are aware that the city was established by King Mindon as recently as 1857. The Golden Palace (also known as Mandalay Palace) served as Mindon’s abode – and it was there he died in 1878. Apparently his ghost so haunted his successor King Thibaw that the palace was dismantled, moved outside the royal city and transformed into a monastery.
The decision was unwittingly strategic, as it is the only palace that survives to this day – the rest were destroyed during World War II. As for Thibaw, his reign ended in 1885, during the Third Anglo-Burmese War. And so, in one foul swoop, the country’s dynastical history, which had originated in Bagan more than a thousand years earlier, was forever extinguished.
Today, Mandalay is Myanmar’s second largest city, with a population of more than a million. It’s the nation’s cultural capital and the commercial hub of upper Myanmar.
While visitors who expect Mandalay to ooze evidence of royal opulence as opposed to the modern day realities of commercial enterprise will be disappointed, the city’s sights are varied and plentiful. There’s also a wealth of stunning monasteries, most of which lie west of the city centre.
Climbing the 231-metre (760 feet) Mandalay Hill is undoubtedly the best way to get your bearings. It’s a peaceful, tree-lined walk that takes between 20 and 45 minutes, depending on your level of fitness. It’s a popular form of daily exercise among health conscious locals. Do not fear if the stairs seem daunting: take the asphalt path, or even a motorbike or pick-up truck. There’s no shortage of refreshment stalls as you near the glittering gold pagoda at the top.
Fans of Amitav Ghosh’s widely acclaimed historical novel, The Glass Palace, will rush to the recreated Mandalay Palace, which is also known as the Glass Palace because King Thibaw slept on a four poster bed with glass pillars. Disappointingly, the bed itself is nowhere to be seen, nor is it displayed at the Cultural Museum, contrary to what guide books claim. Unfortunately, other than the central compound’s 40 buildings, everywhere else is out of bounds due to the presence of military encampments. While entering the palace complex, don’t let the handful of young sentries carrying semi-automatic weapons put you off, nor an enormous sign on the palace wall that states, “The tatmadaw [army] and the people cooperate and crush all those harming the union.” Tourism here is encouraged.
Stone carving workshops
There are photo opportunities aplenty at the marble workshops along Sagaing-Mandalay Road (west of the Mahamuni temple). Men, women and sadly, children, blast, chip and polish enormous marble slabs into Buddha images of all sizes – it’s a curious sight to see a Buddha image under construction, particularly when the head is the last part to be carved into shape.
The world’s biggest book
Surrounding the gilt and gold stupa of Kuthodaw temple are 729 marble slabs inscribed with Pali script, while there’s another 1774 marble slabs at the nearby Sandamuni temple. Together they contain the 15 books of the Buddhist canon Tripitaka. It once took 2400 monks nearly six months to recite the canon from start to finish.
Moustache Brothers comedy troupe
These a-nyeint (vaudeville) performances are famous worldwide for their brave and witty send-ups of the former ruling junta and what they perceive as today’s ongoing corruption. Two of the three brothers served lengthy prison sentences for their jokes. Par Par Lay, the leader of the comedy trio, died in August. The two other Moustache Brothers – and their wives - have publicly expressed their determination to carry on the nightly performances.
World’s longest teak footbridge
About 11 kilometres (seven miles) south of Mandalay is U Bein’s Bridge, which spans 1.2 kilometres (1300 yards) across Amarapura’s Taungthaman Lake. Exercise caution as you traverse it – some of the planks are rickety. Contemporary artwork can be bought at a small shop on the bridge, while the nearby stalls sell stunning wood carvings at a fraction of the price you’d pay in Yangon.
Where to stay and what to eat:
Hotels in and around 27th Street offer basic, AC rooms for about $30.
Hotel by the Red Canal on 63rd Street is an upmarket option that gets rave reviews.
Hunter’s on 27th Street has the most delicious Western-style fare and is swiftly becoming the number one bar for the expat community.
Koffee Korner on 70th Street serves an impressive variety of cuisines and the decor is commendably creative.
The best Myanmar fare can be found at Pakokku Daw Lay May, on 73rd Street.
Mandalay long ago established itself as a transport hub for northern Myanmar. Trains and buses remain popular among backpackers and the city’s airport is served by domestic and international carriers.